Bronchiectasis

Definition: Pathological dilatation of airways in the lung.

Clinical features

Symptoms

Signs

Investigations

Causes

Complications

  1. exacerbations
  2. haemoptysis (occasionally life-threatening)
  3. extrapulmonary spread of infection (abcesses, empyema)

Management

  1. treatment of underlying cause
  2. postural drainage
  3. antibiotics, bronchodilators for exacerbations
  4. influenza vaccination, but not HiB or pneumococcus
  5. (surgery)
  6. (immunosuppressive: steroids)
  7. (transplant)