The Cardiovascular Examination

  1. Introduction
  2. General inspection
  3. Hands
  4. Radial pulse
  5. Radioradial, radiofemoral
  6. Brachial pulse
  7. Blood pressure
  8. Eyes
  9. lips, tongue, teeth & gums
  10. JVP
  11. carotid pulse, carotid bruit
  12. inspect praecordium
  13. palpate praecordium
  14. trachea, apex beat
  15. auscultate heart: apex, L sternal edge, R sternal edge, pulmonary area, aortic area
  16. lung bases
  17. sacral oedema
  18. palpate abdomen
  19. auscultate renal bruit, iliac bruit, femoral bruit
  20. femoral pulse
  21. popliteal pulse
  22. dorsalis pedis pulse
  23. posterior tibial pulse
  24. ankle oedema

Optional:

  1. fundoscopy
  2. percuss, palpate hepatomegaly